Based on your reading and notes, you can look for: Trends and patterns (in theory, method or results do certain approaches become more or less popular over time? So, grab a hot cup of coffee (or whichever poison you prefer) and lets dive. However, theres no universal one right way to structure your literature review. The introduction should clearly establish the focus and purpose of the literature review. If you find yourself sorting through thousands of results every time you conduct a database search, you may need to further refine your topic. Open Google Slides Download PowerPoint What is a literature review? Tips for Writing a Literature Review. Does the research use established frameworks or take an innovative approach?
As you probably already know, not all research is created equally, and so you need to make sure that your literature review is built on credible research. You can use it to discuss various theories, models, and definitions of key concepts. This chapter should provide a smooth-flowing discussion of what research has already been done, what is known, what is unknown and what is contested in relation to your research topic. As you write, you can follow these tips: Summarize and synthesize: give an overview of the main points of each source and combine them into a coherent whole Analyze and interpret: dont just paraphrase other researchersadd your own interpretations where possible. Depending on the length of your literature review, you can combine several of these strategies (for example, your overall structure might be thematic, but each theme is discussed chronologically). So, in this case, the literature review chapter would uncover each of the potential factors (based on previous studies about burnout which would then be modelled into a framework. If the same authors, books or articles keep appearing in your reading, make sure to seek them out. But there is still a lack of robust research on highly visual platforms like Instagram and Snapchat this is a gap that you could address in your own research. What new insight will you draw from the literature? If you are writing the literature review section of a dissertation or research paper, you will search for literature related to your research problem and questions.
So, why should you spend so much time reviewing and writing about research thats already been published? You might discover that there are two clear existing schools of thought related to your research question. Use the grid strategy, or a similar system, to record key information and main findings/arguments for each source. These are suggestions to get you thinking and writing. There are five key steps: Search for relevant literature, evaluate sources, identify themes, debates and gaps, outline the structure. What are the key theories, models and methods? Developing and refining your literature review (Word). The basics, what is a literature review?
Step 1: Search for relevant literature. Use the following strategies as a guide as you embark on the writing process. The content will look slightly different in each case, but the process of conducting a literature review follows the same steps. Thankfully, your university should provide you with access to their library, so you can find the article titles using Google Scholar and then search for them by name in your universitys online library. The scope of your review will depend on your topic and discipline: in the sciences you usually only review recent literature, but in the humanities you might take a long historical perspective (for example, to trace how a concept has changed in meaning over time). To illustrate the difference between reporting and reviewing, think about television or film review articles. . The most important thing is not to discuss your sources one after the other like a list as we touched on earlier, your literature review needs to synthesise the research, not summarise. You can add to this list if you discover new keywords in the process of your literature search. Quite often, youll be able to borrow from previous studies. Lets take a look at these: Purpose #1 Demonstrate your topic knowledge.
There is advice on our other pages about thinking critically, reading strategies and academic writing. . Our Resource List of study skills guides includes sections on Referencing, Dissertation and project writing and Literature reviews. Well, the good news is that youve come to the right place in this post, well explain: Exactly what a literature review. There is an increasing interest in the visual aspects of social media. Please check course or programme information and materials provided by teaching staff, including your project supervisor, for subject-specific guidance. However, unlike research papers, which establish new arguments and make original contributions, literature reviews organize and present existing research. When you find a useful book or article, you can check the bibliography to find other relevant sources. Go further, guidance on literature searching from the University Library.
The first function of the literature review chapter is, quite simply, to show the reader (or marker) that you know what youre talking about. Second, literature reviews are not subjective. Choose a topic with a limited scope. Not every research topic will necessarily have a theoretical framework, but if your topic does require one, it needs to be rooted in your literature review. Try to analyze patterns, turning points and key debates that have shaped the direction of the field. Give your interpretation of how and why certain developments occurred. Referencing and reference management, information Services provide access to Cite them right online which is a guide to the main referencing systems and tells you how to reference just about any source (ease log-in may be required). You can emphasize the timeliness of the topic (many recent studies have focused on the problem of x) or highlight a gap in the literature (while there has been much research on x, few researchers have taken y into consideration).Stand-alone. A literature review is a piece of academic writing demonstrating knowledge and understanding of the academic literature on a specific topic placed in context. .
Lets look at each of them: Reviewing the literature, the first step of any literature review is to hunt down and read through the existing research thats relevant to your research topic. To do this, youll use a combination of tools (well discuss some of these later) to find journal articles, books, ebooks, research reports, dissertations, theses and any other credible sources of information that relate to your topic. Your task is to build an argument, not a library. Reading combined with critical analysis can help to refine a topic and frame research questions. . Debates, conflicts and contradictions: where do sources disagree?
Scribbr slides are free to use, customize, and distribute for educational purposes. Make sure the sources you use are credible, and make sure you read any landmark studies and major theories in your field of research. Conducting a literature review, focusing on different aspects of your literature review can be useful to help plan, develop, refine and write. . Body Depending on the length of your literature review, you might want to divide the body into subsections. The literature review chapter has a few important functions within your dissertation, thesis or research project.
Well discuss the full purpose of the literature review chapter next. Wrapping up In this post, weve (hopefully) answered the question, what is a literature review? It provides an overview of current knowledge, allowing you to identify relevant theories, methods, and gaps in the existing research. Dissertation literature review If the literature review is part of your thesis or dissertation, show how your research addresses gaps and contributes new knowledge, or discuss how you have drawn on existing theories and methods to build a framework. Finding quality journal articles is essential to crafting a rock-solid literature review. We could write an entire post on how to find quality literature, but a good starting point is Google Scholar. Receive feedback on language, structure and layout Professional editors proofread and edit your paper by focusing on: Academic style Vague sentences Grammar Style consistency See an example Step 2: Evaluate and select sources You probably wont be able to read. Why Write a Literature Review?
Table of contents, why write a literature review? Remember, the correct search keywords will be super important to get the right information from the start. By summarizing the existing research on your research question, a literature review reveals points of consensus and points of disagreement, as well as the gaps and open questions that remain. Take notes that you can later incorporate into the text of your literature review. This final product establishes you as a trustworthy authority on your topic. Include each of the key concepts or variables youre interested in, and list any synonyms and related terms. The structure of your literature review will be based on the patterns you discover.